Pest management has always taken important position while planning and organizing farm management. Climate change has introduced many new kinds of pest that didn’t exist before or not present in a particular place, but they have got suitable climatic condition now. This has increased the responsibilities of agriculturists all-round the globe to find against pest so that goal of profit maximization can be achieved. A new concept in this regard is the Integrated Pest Management or IPM.
Integrated Pest Management is regarded as the most important pest control principle on which the goal of sustainable crop production and crop protection is based. This technique equip the farmers to manage the pests in agriculture field in a cost effective, efficient and environmental friendly way that has also a wider social acceptability.
What is Integrated Pest Management?
United Nations Food and Agriculture and Organization (FAO) defines IPM as;
A pest management system that in the context of the associated environment and the population dynamics of the pest species, utilizes all suitable techniques and methods, in a compatible manner as possible and maintains the pest population at levels below those causing economic injury
Important Aspects of Integrated Pest Management
Following are few aspects that should be given due importance while crafting a sound IPM technology for agriculture farm.
- In developing countries, agriculture is practiced widely by small and marginal farmers who are poor. So while designing IPM for an area, low input cost should be in mind so to make IPM adaptable by wide range of farmers and farming community.
- Farmers should be trained regarding the efficient use of inputs (pesticide) so that objective of cost effectiveness is achieved.
- The IPM should be designed in such a manner to bring down the pest population in agriculture field to a level below the injury level.
- Technologies developed should be environmentally friendly. This is because, we have polluted our environment enough already, that more damage will bring disastrous impact on human health.
- Keeping in view the international demand of organic food, the IPM tech applied should not cause any kind of hindrances in the way of exports.
- Conservation of biodiversity should be given importance.
- Integrated Pest Management technology should ensure that it will pose no harm to human, animals, friendly insects and birds.
Cite this Article in APA Style as:
[box type=”note” align=”aligncenter” ]Rahman, M. A. (2018, March 03). Integrated Pest Management in Agriculture [Blog Post]. Retrieved from http://aridagriculture.com/2018/03/03/integrated-pest-management-agriculture/[/box]